In addition, HIV/AIDS patients skilled discrimination from medical personnel when receiving companies at some public hospitals and clinics, and had their right to confidentiality violated by disclosure of their standing. Discrimination against LGBTI persons with HIV/AIDS was particularly widespread and affected entry to HIV-prevention programs, especially for transgender individuals. According to LGBTI activists, homosexual and transgender people guatemalan women often experienced police abuse. The native NGO National Network for Sexual Diversity and HIV and the Lambda Association reported that as of October, a complete of 20 LGBTI persons had been killed, including several transgender individuals the NGOs believed had been targeted due to their sexual orientation. Several had been killed in their properties or at LGBTI areas in Guatemala City.
E Denial Of Truthful Public Trial
According to NGO assessments, at least three of the victims may have been targeted due to their political involvement and advocacy for indigenous rights. On July 5, Isidro Perez and Melesio Ramirez had been killed near Livingston by an armed group alleged to be connected to a former government minister. The Committee for Rural Development and indigenous leaders reported that Perez and Ramirez were killed during a CODECA protest and focused as a result of their indigenous land rights activism. On September 14, Maya Achi Ancestral Authority consultant Paulina Cruz Ruiz was killed in Baja Verapaz by unidentified gunmen in front of her house. Ruiz was lively in organizing the March for Dignity in 2018 and had assisted the Maya Achi Ancestral Authorities to bring authorized actions in opposition to mining initiatives in the area.
Concacaf Women’s Gold Cup Report
LGBTI teams claimed women experienced particular types of discrimination, such as forced marriages and forced pregnancies via “corrective rape,” though these incidents have been not often, if ever, reported to authorities. The legislation does not extend specific antidiscrimination protections to LGBTI individuals based on their sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, or sex characteristics. Efforts to move laws towards such discrimination, including a gender identity law, encountered extreme opposition amongst legislators. In July the Constitutional Court ordered the provisional closure of the Fenix nickel mine in Izabal Department, near the border with Honduras, until the Ministry of Energy and Mines performed ILO 169-compliant consultations with native communities.
COPREDEH typically benefited from the administration’s cooperation and operated with out political or celebration interference. Some NGOs claimed COPREDEH was not an efficient interlocutor on human rights points.
During this meeting the PDH and civil society organizations mentioned challenges associated to human rights. On behalf of the government, COPREDEH issued a letter claiming the commission’s assembly constituted a challenge to the nation’s sovereignty.
The National Council for Persons with Disabilities reported few individuals with disabilities attended educational institutions or held jobs. The council, composed of representatives of relevant authorities ministries and businesses, is the principal government entity answerable for protecting the rights of persons with disabilities. Most schools and universities didn’t have facilities accessible to individuals with disabilities, and there was no reliable data on the prevalence of disabilities within the faculty-age population.
Being An Indigenous Woman In Guatemala Is Even Tougher
The Russian conglomerate Solway, which purchased the mine in 2014, was accused of violence against indigenous activists and illegal extraction of undeclared materials. The OHCHR reported the mine continued operations regardless of the courtroom order to droop actions. The OHCHR also reported the mine started operations within the Barrio Nuevo space regardless of a lack of consultations with local communities through the September state of siege declared by the federal government. Multiple local NGOs raised issues over the killings of a minimum of six indigenous leaders from January via September.
The Congressional Committee on Human Rights drafts and offers steerage on laws regarding human rights. The law requires all political parties represented in Congress to have a representative on the committee. Some NGOs did not consider the committee to be an efficient discussion board for human rights promotion and safety.
The President’s Commission on Human Rights formulates and promotes human rights policy. COPREDEH also led coordination of police protection for human rights and labor activists.
In May 2018 authorities arrested seven former members of the civil defense patrols and charged them with sexual violence towards 36 Maya Achi women in Rabinal, between 1981 and 1985. On June 21, Judge Claudette Dominguez ruled there was inadequate evidence to send the defendants to trial and ordered them released. The prosecution filed recusal motions in opposition to Judge Dominguez, and in September the First High Risk Appellate Court granted the recusal motion and transferred the case to Judge Miguel Angel Galvez; nonetheless, the case remained mired in a series of unresolved appeals. For the first time in its submit-civil war historical past, the federal government didn’t participate within the meeting on human rights convened by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights in September.
The law offers for freedom of affiliation, and the federal government usually revered this right, except in the course of the declared state of siege noted above. There have been reviews, nonetheless, of serious limitations to organizing in the labor sector (see part 7.a.).
NGOs also reported the federal government, fringe groups, and private entities used threats of authorized motion as a type of intimidation. According to UDEFEGUA, from January to July, there were 28 retaliatory judicial instances filed in opposition to human rights defenders. UDEFEGUA and other civil society groups stated this case occurred after Samayoa and Martinez’s participation in a criticism earlier than Guatemala City’s criminal, drug trafficking, and surroundings courtroom in opposition to eleven Supreme Court justices on January 17. The law supplies legal penalties for official corruption, however officers incessantly engaged in corrupt practices with impunity. There have been quite a few reviews of presidency corruption in the course of the 12 months, a lot of which the Public Ministry, with help from CICIG, investigated and prosecuted on charges together with money laundering, unlawful political party financing, and bribery. The structure and the law present for freedom of inner movement, foreign travel, emigration, and repatriation, and the government usually revered these rights. The state of siege in Izabal and components of 4 different departments briefly limited rights to freedom of motion (see section 2.b.).